When a person drinks too much, hepatic metabolism is affected, because alcohol, taken in large quantities, is hepatotoxic. Therefore, the abuse of alcohol has effects on liver function, even in the metabolism of lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides. Hence, there is a relationship between hypertriglyceridemia and alcoholism that it is necessary to take into account.
Alcohol is metabolized by nearly 90% in the liver, which affects normal liver function. Because the enzymes that metabolize carbohydrates and fats, should “deal” to metabolize alcohol, this is where the relationship begins between hypertriglyceridemia and alcohol.
Triglycerides are transported by apolipoproteins called VLDL, which are metabolized in the liver. These are hydrolyzed (are decomposed to smaller substances) by liver enzymes, forming intermediate lipoproteins, that are rapidly eliminated by the liver.
When alcoholic beverages are consumed excessively and especially sustained over time, liver enzymes are bound to the metabolism of alcohol and therefore can not metabolize VLDL apolipoprotein. As result, there is an accumulation of triglycerides that occurs in the liver and plasma. This explains the relationship between alcohol and triglycerides.
Importantly, moderate alcohol consumption on all beverages like red wine can be beneficial to protect the cardiovascular system because it can increase the “good” HDL cholesterol. Red wine particularly has a favorable difference compared with other alcoholic beverages: resveratrol. Present in grapes, it is a natural antioxidant that helps reduce blood cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease.
Remember that all excess is harmful to health, it is important to find a balance that allows a better quality of life. You may wonder how much is excessive drinking. Well, for red wine or other alcoholic beverages do not affect your health, you should drink between 1-2 cups daily and no more than that. Therefore, if your consumption is above these amounts, it is preferable that you eliminate those beverages from your diet. If you can not control your intake, it is better to avoid drinking.